The initial (P1) academic year is orientated toward courses that instruct the fundamentals of basic science and pharmacy practice.  The P1 courses tend to be discipline specific and provide fundamental knowledge and skills necessary to begin clinical activities.  The second (P2) and third (P3) academic years emphasize the Integrated Pharmacotherapy (IPT) courses.  The IPT courses are an organ based approach to pharmacotherapy that combine the pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and therapeutics of specific organ systems. Each course provides a comprehensive overview of the major therapeutic drug classes.  The IPT courses are complimented by a four semester series of concurrent Recitation and Rounds courses that use a Team-Based Learning approach to apply the IPT course content to realistic patient cases.  These cases allow students to develop pharmacy knowledge and skills in a practical application. 

Equally important and fully one third of the curriculum are the experiential courses which place students in curriculum-stage appropriate pharmacy settings.  In both P2 and P3 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences (IPPE) and P4 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) students are able to develop their knowledge, skills and professional attitudes in actual pharmacy settings.  Under the supervision of faculty or qualified licensed preceptors, the students learn to make decisions based on professional populations, are exposed to a variety of disease states and are given opportunities to collaborate with other health care professionals.  The experiences help students recognize their own professional development and underscores the importance of the curriculum content. 

Doctorate of Pharmacy program

IPPE and APPE Rotation information